#### Condensed Matter Theory

### Christoph Weiss: Distinguishing mesoscopic quantum superpositions from statistical mixtures in periodically shaken double wells

**Author(s)**:**Christoph Weiss****Title**:**Date of Upload**: 2012-07-11
**Article**:**J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45 021002, Institute of Physics****Keywords**: Time-reversal, Bose-Einstein condensation, mesoscopic quantum superpositions, periodic driving**PACS**: 03.75.Lm, 03.65.Yz, 03.75.Gg, 03.65.Ge**Abstract**:- For Bose–Einstein condensates in double wells, N-particle Rabi-like oscillations often seem to be damped. Far from being a decoherence effect, the apparent damping can indicate the emergence of quantum superpositions in the many-particle quantum dynamics. However, in an experiment it would be difficult to distinguish the apparent damping from decoherence effects. This paper suggests using controlled periodic shaking to quasi-instantaneously switch the sign of an effective Hamiltonian, thus implementing an 'echo' technique which distinguishes quantum superpositions from statistical mixtures. The scheme for the effective time reversal is tested by numerically solving the time-dependent N-particle Schroedinger equation.
**URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.5444 (text/plain)**

**Distinguishing mesoscopic quantum superpositions from statistical mixtures in periodically shaken double wells**

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